Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Page: 33-36
Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum Among New Intakes in the Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Amawulu Ebenezer, Department of Biological Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassoma, Nigeria
Peace Eekpa, Department of Biology, Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 21, 2018;       Accepted: May 14, 2018;       Published: May 31, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20180602.11      View  1472      Downloads  122
This study investigated the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum among new intake of the Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama during January-March, 2017. Blood samples were collected through venal puncture. A 2.5ml part of blood was collected from each student and transferred into an anti- coagulant bottle. Malaria parasites were determined using Pf malaria rapid test kitsanda standard microscopy. The preparation of the test kits and microscopy followed standard procedures. Determination of positive slides followed standard techniques. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Malaria was positive slides were 15.49% of the total slides. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 100% of all the positive cases. Male (18.75%) were more infected than female (12.82%). The difference was significant (χ2cal = 16.68, p<0.05). The prevalence of P. falciparum varies with the age across age group. The age bracket29-31(25.0%) had more prevalence, followed by age bracket 17-19 (17.65%). Least prevalence (9.09%) was recorded among age bracket 23-25. Differences were not significant (χ2cal = 7.96, p>0.05). Prevalence of P. falciparum varied across departments. The differences were statistically significant (χ2cal = 57.71, p>0.05). The result is a public health concern and call for prompt intervention.
Plasmodium falciparum, Rapid Test Kit, Students, Bayelsa State
To cite this article
Amawulu Ebenezer, Peace Eekpa, Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum Among New Intakes in the Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 33-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20180602.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2012). Map of malaria endemic countries.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2016) “Malaria Fact Sheet”. http://www.Who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/
Murphy O, John JA, Sergi S, Hassan M, Pedro A, Clara M. (2001). Risk factors for Presentation to Hospitals with Severe Anaemia in Tanzanian Children: a Case-Control Study. Tropical Medicine and International Health; 7(10):823-30.
World Health Organisation (WHO) (1990): World Report of the tropical disease, World Health Organisation feature, No. 139, Geneva.
World Health Organisation (WHO) (1997): Health and Environment in sustainable development five years of the Earth summit Geneva, 19 133.
Florence. O A, Pat. U O, Elizabeth N O and Mercy OI (2014). Malaria infection amongst students of the university of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria. International journal of recent scientific research vol. 5(9) 1529-1532.
Holding PA, Stevenson J, Peshu N, Marsh K. (2001). Cognitive sequence of severe malaria with impaired consciousness. Oxford Journals Medicine and Health Transactions; 93(5):529-34.
World Health Organization 2006; Geneva, Switzerland, Pp 15-18.
Okwa O O., L. Sanyaolu and A. F. Olatokunbo (2012) “Malaria and working performance of academic staff in Nigerian University,” Research Journal of Biology. Vol 2(5), 151-156.
Udonwa, N. E. GyuseA. N. and EtokidemA. J. (2010) “Malaria: knowledge and prevention practice among school adolescents in a coastal community in Calabar, Nigeria,” African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine. Vol 2(1).
Leighton C, Foster R. (1993). Economic impact of malaria in Kenya and Nigeria. Applied Reasearch paper No 6. Abt Associates in collaboration with vector biology control project medical service cooperation International.
Ezeigbo, O R. and Ezeigbo, I C. (2016). Malaria and Soil Transmitted Helminthes co-infection among Abia State Polytechnic Students, Aba, Southeastern Nigeria. International Invention Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences Vol. 3(5) pp. 68-71.
Adesina O. O (2013). Subclinical Malaria Infection Among University of Maiduguri students: Prevalence And Parasite Density BOMJ Vol. 10, NO. 1, 6-11.
Afolabi, O. J, Simon-Oke, I. A, Sorungbe, A. A, Alao, O. O. (2015). Prevalence of Malaria among Biological Science Students in Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria Nature and Science; 13(2) http://www.sciencepub.net/nature.
Okwa OO, Babatunde B. and OlundegunS. (2011). “Social aspectof Malaria among two tertiary institutions in Lagos State, Sierra loene Journal of Biomedical Research. Vol (3) 2, 97-103. August, 2011.
World Health Organisation (WHO) (1998): Examining blood film for malaria parasites. Bench aids for the Diagnosis of Malaria 1 – 8 plates, World Health Organization.
Public Health Ontario (PHO) (2013). Best Practices for cleaning Disinfection and Sterilization of Medical Equipment/Devices in all Health Care Setting 3rd edition. Retrieve on July 16 2015.
18. Mature BM, Azare BA, Ugbong L. (2001). The Prevalence of Malaria parasites amongst Undergraduate Students of University of Abuja. The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology; 22(182): 49-82.
Abah AE and Temple B (2015). Prevalence of Malaria Parasite among Asymptomatic Primary School Children in Angiama Community, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, Trop Med Surg 4:1, http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2329-9088.1000203
20. Falade CO, Olayemi O, Dada-AdegbolaHO, Aimakhu CO, Ademowo OG, SalakoLA. (2012). Prevalence of malaria at booking among antenatal clients in a secondary health care facility in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 12:141-52.
Browse journals by subject